Magnetostratigraphic dating of early humans in China

Magnetostratigraphic dating of early humans in China

Shipboard paleomagnetism was investigated mainly to determine directions of remanence components. Routine measurements were conducted on archive section halves with stepwise alternating field AF demagnetization. Discrete cube and minicore samples were taken from selected working-half sections and measured with stepwise AF and thermal demagnetization. These data were used for core orientation and magnetostratigraphic dating. Ocean drilling cores generally carry secondary overprint remanence components. Common overprints for ocean drilling cores include natural viscous remanence and a steep downward-pointing component attributed to the drill string. To separate overprints from the characteristic remanence ChRM , stepwise demagnetization was performed, as described below. Measurements of archive halves were conducted using the SRM for Section software version 1.

Magnetostratigraphic Dating

Development of the geomagnetic polarity time scale of the last 12 Ma since marine magnetic anomaly patterns was first studied Heirtzler et al. The convention is that periods of normal polarity are represented in black and reversed in white. Short lines to the right of the Cande and Kent polarity column correspond to cryptochrons. Common magnetic minerals of application in paleomagnetism.

Paleomagnetic studies of lake bottom sediments in Japan have been reviewed to establish a method of magnetostratigraphic dating using geomagnetic secular.

The Neogene succession of the Aktau Mountains in the Ili Basin, southeast Kazakhstan, is a terrestrial archive well suited for researching the role of Central Asia in Miocene climate evolution. We present an integrated approach for dating the well-exposed Bastau Formation, based on magnetostratigraphy and constraints from cyclostratigraphy and biostratigraphy. Stepwise demagnetization yielded characteristic remanence directions that are consistent with those expected for the Miocene in Central Asia.

The reddish-colored alluvial floodplain deposits and gray lacustrine deposits show partly complex magnetic behavior with magnetite and hematite as the main magnetic carriers, with variable demagnetization behavior and non-dipolar normal and reverse polarity directions. The observed magnetic properties are best explained by depositional variability and magneto-mineralogical alteration effects of both dissolution and neo-formation of magnetite, including significant secondary magnetization.

The mean of reverse polarity directions is flatter than the expected Middle Miocene Earth magnetic field, which is an indicator for the existence of inclination shallowing that supports a primary origin. Detailed rock magnetic analyses are used to analyze the nature of the characteristic remanent magnetization and to discriminate primary and secondary remanence directions in order to obtain a reliable magnetostratigraphic result. The proposed age of The resulting age model serves as a robust framework for paleoclimate reconstruction of Neogene climate dynamics in Central Asia.

The shutdown of an anoxic giant: Magnetostratigraphic dating of the end of the Maikop Sea

Paleomagnetic studies of lake bottom sediments in Japan have been reviewed to establish a method of magnetostratigraphic dating using geomagnetic secular variations and excursions. For the last For the last 60ka, the inclination record from the top 60m of the m-core from Lake Biwa may be used for dating with magnetostratigraphic correlation. Tephrochronological data recently published revise the ages of the geomagnetic excursions in the Lake Biwa m-core. The excursion at 54m, formally known as the Blake event, is a new one from about 56ka.

The Biwa I excursion at 83m, newly dated as ka, should correspond to the Blake event.

Based on recent 40Ar/39Ar geochronological dating of the site, faunal constraints and a magnetostratigraphic pattern, the sequence is.

The recovery and subsequent prolific radiation of mammals in the northern Western Interior of North America following the Cretaceous—Paleogene K—P boundary is well documented in rocks attributed to the Puercan Land Mammal Age. The most complete Puercan record is that of the Tullock Formation, which crops out widely in Garfield and McCone counties, eastern Montana. The Tullock Formation overlies the dinosaur-bearing Hell Creek Formation and consists of a stratigraphic series of channel and overbank deposits from which well-preserved Puercan faunas have been collected.

These channel deposits are typically bracketed by widespread coal beds. The IrZ- and Z-coals mark the base of the Puercan at the K—P boundary as defined by the highest appearing local occurrences of in situ dinosaur fossils, the highest stratigraphic occurrence of Cretaceous pollen, and an anomalously high concentration of the element iridium Ir. Earliest Torrejonian To1? The Y through W coals, as well as the fossil vertebrate-bearing sandstones of the Garbani Channel and Purgatory Hill, are contained in an overlying zone of normal polarity, correlated with chron C29n.

Rocks immediately above the W-Coal through the U-Coal, which include the Farrand Channel, are in a zone of reversed polarity, correlated here with chron C28r. The top of the section, just above the U-Coal, is in the uppermost zone of normal polarity, tentatively correlated here with the base of chron C28n.

Magnetostratigraphic dating of the hominin occupation of Bailong Cave, central China

Popov, L. Golovina, K. Kuiper , S. Liu, W. Paratethys, the lost sea of central Eurasia, was an anoxic giant during Oligocene — early Miocene Maikop Series times.

Magnetostratigraphic dating of sedimentary strata is often the most precise technique available for temporally onstrai ing the evolution of and controls upon.

Valero, L. Basin Research. A; Almar, Y. Earth and Planetary Science Letter , , 4, pp. A; Daams, R. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology. Geotemas , 5, pp.

Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences

Magnetostratigraphy is a geophysical correlation technique used to date sedimentary and volcanic sequences. The method works by collecting oriented samples at measured intervals throughout the section. The samples are analyzed to determine their characteristic remanent magnetization ChRM , that is, the polarity of Earth’s magnetic field at the time a stratum was deposited. This is possible because volcanic flows acquire a thermoremanent magnetization and sediments acquire a depositional remanent magnetization , both of which reflect the direction of the Earth’s field at the time of formation.

This technique is typically used to date sequences that generally lack fossils or interbedded igneous rock.


License: CC BY 4. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A.


Journal article. Access the full text Link. Lookup at Google Scholar. Magnetostratigraphic dating of the Shanshenmiaozui mammalian fauna in the Nihewan Basin, North China. Timing of the mammalian faunas in the Nihewan Basin, North China has provided insights into our understanding of Quaternary biochronology and biostratigraphy in East Asia.

rocks of the Paris Basin, France: implications for magnetostratigraphic dating private communication), and hence not amenable to palaeomagnetic dating.

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Intermontane basins in the southern piedmont of the Qinling Mountains are important sources of information on hominin occupation and settlement, and provide an excellent opportunity to study early human evolution and behavioral adaptation.

Here, we present the results of a detailed magnetostratigraphic investigation of the sedimentary sequence of hominin-bearing Bailong Cave in Yunxi Basin, central China. The Bailong Cave hominin-bearing layer is dated to the early Brunhes Chron, close to the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic reversal at 0. Our findings, coupled with other records, indicate the flourishing of early humans in mainland East Asia during the Mid-Pleistocene climate transition MPT.

This suggests that early humans were adapted to diverse and variable environments over a broad latitudinal range during the MPT, from temperate northern China to subtropical southern China. The chronology of human evolution in different paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental settings is an intriguing topic in the study of human origins 1 , 2 , 3 , 4. During the past three decades considerable progress has been made toward dating the stratigraphic record that contains Paleolithic artifacts or hominin fossils in China 1 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , thus significantly contributing to our understanding of early human occupation in mainland East Asia.

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Magnetostratigraphic dating of an Upper Miocene shallow-marine and continental sedimentary succession in northeastern Morocco. Author links open overlay.

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Email Address. Sign In. Nature and origin of magnetic minerals within the Middle Jurassic shallow-water carbonate rocks of the Paris Basin, France: implications for magnetostratigraphic dating Abstract: The Middle and Upper Jurassic Bathonian-Oxfordian shallow-water carbonate rocks from the Paris Basin, France, consist mainly of oolitic and bioclastic limestones that are hydrocarbon reservoirs in the subsurface. Despite a preliminary positive study, these deposits have been considered to be largely remagnetized Rochette, private communication , and hence not amenable to palaeomagnetic dating.

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oa The end of the Great Khersonian Drying of Eurasia: Magnetostratigraphic dating of the Maeotian transgression in the Eastern Paratethys.

A molasse sequence comprising 1. The magnetic fabric comprises primary sedimentary-compactional and secondary tectonic components. Remanence ratios derived from demagnetization data allowed the first-order estimation of remanence contributions from magnetic minerals goethite, maghemite, magnetite and hematite , and discrimination of rockmagnetic zones correlatable with distinct lithofacies, which will facilitate objective mapping. We correlated a magnetic polarity sequence, constructed from normal and reverse polarity directions from 77 levels that passed the reversal test and represented primary remanences, with the standard geomagnetic polarity timescale to constrain the depositional age between ca.

We calculated the sediment accumulation rate for polarity zones from the chronologically better constrained part below Chron C5n. The notable increase in accumulation rate after Constraining the base of the Tinau Khola north section to This group represents an important sediment archive of the chronology and mechanisms of past palaeoclimatic e. Flynn et al.

The Nepalese FBSs lack fossils for reasonably accurate dating e. Thermochronometry based on detrital zircon and apatite grains has increasingly been used to determine source-area exhumation dates and thence to constrain the maximum possible depositional ages of these sediments in the foredeep that constitutes the present-day sub-Himalaya West et al.

Magnetostratigraphic dating conducted successfully over the past three decades has largely overcome this problem, not only by constraining the chronology of sediment deposition in the sub-Himalaya itself but also in deciphering the timing of tectonic and climatic phenomena in the central part of the Himalayan Range Tokuoka et al.

What Does Magnetostratigraphy Mean?

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